American artist and muralist Caroline Speare Rohland (née Caroline Melvina Speare) was born in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, in 1885. She began her artistic training at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and moved to New York City to study with John Sloan at the Art Students League of New York. Speare also painted with Andrew Dasburg before making her way to the artists' community of Woodstock, New York. In 1915, she met and married fellow art student Paul Rohland, with whom she moved to the artists' commune known as "The Maverick," founded by the novelist, poet, and community-builder Hervey White.
In addition to creating three public murals commissioned by the WPA, Rohland has artwork in several prominent museum collections, including the Library of Congress, The Honolulu Academy of Art, the New Mexico Museum of Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.